web science-2019讨论区

Group4_Sesstion1 Discussion

 
Picture of 玉婷 蔡
Group4_Sesstion1 Discussion
by 玉婷 蔡 - Sunday, 19 May 2019, 11:31 PM
 
This is the group4's discussing area.Welcome to share your idea with us!
Picture of 力 韩
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by 力 韩 - Monday, 20 May 2019, 12:00 AM
 

      Todaythe World Wide Web can make people who come from all around the world to communicate with each other on unprecedented scale.People who are far from place even people of different ages can develop a close relationships through the Internet or even change their opinion from experience,political views,cultural habits,spirit,arts,literatures and everthings in their life.It could share with low input that has never been in human history. While the use of the World Wide Web still depends on materialized tools with its own flaws, at least its way of preserving information is not something as real as a familiar way of using a library or publication. And the advantage of digital storage is that you can easily access information resources on the web more efficiently than by looking at libraries or real books. The World Wide Web is the most far-reaching and extensive medium in human history.

 

It allows its users to interact with other groups of people scattered over the planet in different time and space, far more than can be achieved through specific contacts or the sum of all other communication media that already exist.It can make people understand each other and also can give the repressive regimes a powerful force in the human history.But from my prospective the impact of the World Wide Web is profound in the world.


Picture of 维潇 詹
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by 维潇 詹 - Wednesday, 22 May 2019, 9:12 AM
 

How the world wide web works: when you want to access a web page or other web resource on the world wide web, you usually first type in the url of the page you want to visit in your browser, or hyperlink to that page or resource. The work after that starts with the server name portion of the URL, which is parsed by a global Internet database called the domain name system, and which IP address to enter based on the results.

The next step is to send an HTTP request to the server that works at that IP address for the page to be visited. Typically, HTML text, images, and any other files that make up the page are quickly requested and sent back to the user one by one. The web browser's next job is to display the content described in the HTML, CSS, and other accepted files, along with images, links, and other necessary resources, to the user. These constitute the "pages" you see.

Most web pages themselves contain hyperlinks to other relevant web pages, possibly downloads, source literature, definitions, and other web resources. Such a collection of relevant useful resources organized together through hyperlinks forms a so-called "web" of information. The ease of use of the web on the Internet led to what Tim berners-lee first called the world wide web in the early 1990s.  

Picture of 泊词 彭
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by 泊词 彭 - Wednesday, 22 May 2019, 2:39 PM
 

I’d like to talk about the weaknesses and strengths of the Web. Absolutely, there are a lot of pros of the creation of the Web. For instance, compared with the time one hundred years ago, it is easier for citizens in the world to get useful information so that they can work effectively. And particularly, the Web has changed the world in various aspects. The governments have had more powerful tool to organize countries and cities as the result of the Web. In addition, loads of industries have boomed, such as the retailing, the medical care and even the entertainment. As far as I’m concerned, our lives have sped up with the development of Web science. As for the cons of the Web, I deem that the most serious thing is that our secrets might be stolen by others. After we look through a website, our traces can be gotten by some people and they have opportunities to sell the information about what we have looked through under the benefits of money. Therefore, our life can be influenced by that in the future. Last year, I heard the news that a well-known enterprise has sold the information of users to a company in another country. I think it is an exact case that can prove my idea. But in a word, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of the Web, based on my personal experience. I think if we can develop the Web continuously, there will be increasing benefits and fewer threats.


Picture of 玉婷 蔡
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by 玉婷 蔡 - Wednesday, 22 May 2019, 2:49 PM
 

The Web was designed for  exchanging scientists' information at first,but actually the Web is a co-construct of society and technology mutually transforming each other.The Web is not an independent thing, it is a socio-technical phenomenon, brought together and held together by people, historical contexts, antecedents, (sub-)cultural norms and expectations. Openness is a property of the Web architecture and a contributory factor in the success of its adoption,but there are still some worrisome problems.Of course the Web is open,convenient,efficient and easy and has the potential to move (grow and develop) but it does so subject to chance and conditional factors (temporality). It is of its moment, and responds to current concerns (such as openness, free speech, censorship, pedophilia, commerce, intellectual property, DRM and cybercrime).The more the Web infiltrate into our world,the more important that we should use Web Science to understand this Web sufficiently well.In particular, are the public and open aspects of the Web a fundamental change in our society's information processes?In the future, the Web should find a way to adapt as other social institutions impose their requirements on it and balance expectations of security, policing etc. and free exchange of information&the unrestricted transfer of knowledge and maximize societal benefits.  

Picture of 美若 马
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by 美若 马 - Wednesday, 22 May 2019, 4:30 PM
 


The web firstly developed as a solution to the problems of exchanging information in international research projects. Today, it seems that we have run in the opposite directions. Some of us can’t get access to some academic internet and can’t benefit from “open sharing”. For example, as a form of open, collaborative website, Wikipedia shares free contents, but in some regions, people can't use the wikipedia. Maybe in the future, there will be less limitation in web.

 

Picture of 泰惟 王
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by 泰惟 王 - Wednesday, 22 May 2019, 10:21 PM
 

 ̄□ ̄||In a word, the emergence and development of the Internet has indeed changed our way of life. The development of the Internet into a world-wide network, was originally used to exchange scientific research information between universities, but later people are more interested in its e-mail function (E-mail). That is to say, people are more interested in using the Internet to transmit a variety of information, including private information. Back in the days when the Internet could only transmit text messages, people who had access to the Internet used it to discuss a variety of issues, but now it is already available.

For an important operating system, it was at that time that computer programmers scattered around the world discussed and delivered their research results through the Internet, and gradually formed a complete operating system.

Later, a multimedia World Wide Web (WWW) was created on the Internet. Its original purpose was to enable nuclear physicists around the world to share research data from the European Institute of Particle Physics (CERN). As a result, the most interesting thing about the World Wide Web is the common users of the Internet. At this time, the functions of personal computers are becoming more and more powerful. The cheap ones have the functions of multimedia, that is to say, we have the conditions to use the World Wide Web. As a result, more and more users of the World Wide Web allow users to connect to the Internet through telephone lines in a timed manner.